Following the assassination of James Garfield, Chester A. Arthur became the 21st President. Overall, the country was wary when he initially took office due to his history of being a New York Republican insider. He originally only became vice president to balance the ticket with eastern Stalwart Republicans.

During his tenure, he signed the Pendleton Act, which required all federal posts to go to those individuals specifically fit for duty and based on merit. Prior to this, many offices were held by the friends and colleagues of whoever held the executive office. Arthur also helped rebuild the American Navy into a significant power in the Northern Hemisphere. However, many historians believe he did not do enough to help pay down the federal debt from the Civil War.

By the end of the term, he was facing failing health and effectively declined the nomination for the Republicans. Arthur died a year after leaving the presidency.

White House: Chester A. Arthure

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